Hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, is a common medical condition where the force of blood against the walls of the arteries is consistently too high. It is classified into two types: primary (essential) hypertension and secondary hypertension.

Primary hypertension is the most common type and tends to develop gradually over time. It occurs due to a combination of factors, including genetics, age, lifestyle choices, and certain medical conditions.

Secondary hypertension, on the other hand, is caused by an underlying medical condition such as kidney disease, hormonal disorders, or the use of certain medications. Treating the underlying cause often helps to control blood pressure.

It is important to monitor and manage hypertension because if left untreated, it can lead to serious health complications such as heart disease, stroke, kidney problems, and vision loss (blindness). 

It is important to know that contrary to common belief, hypertension on its own has no known unique signs or symptoms. The symptoms or signs seen in hypertensive individuals are actually complications from organs damaged by prolonged uncontrolled hypertension.

Managing hypertension typically involves a combination of lifestyle changes and, in some cases, medication. Here are some useful, practical steps that can be taken:

1. Healthy eating: Adopt a well-balanced diet that includes plenty of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and low-fat dairy products. Reduce your intake of salt, saturated fats, refined sugars, and processed foods to moderate levels.

2. Regular exercise: Engage in regular physical activity such as brisk walking, jogging, cycling, or swimming for at least 150 minutes per week, or at least 30 minutes per day. Consult with credible healthcare providers before starting any exercise program.

3. Weight management: Achieve and maintain a healthy weight through a combination of diet and exercise. Losing excess weight can help lower blood pressure.

4. Limit alcohol intake: Alcoholic drink consumers should limit consumption to moderate levels. For men, this means up to two drinks per day, and for women, one drink per day.
A drink = a shot of whiskey, a glass of wine, a bottle of beer.

5. Quit smoking: Smoking can raise blood pressure and damage blood vessels. Hence, quitting smoking can greatly reduce the risk of developing heart disease and other complications.

6. Stress management: Find healthy ways to manage stress, such as practicing relaxation techniques, engaging in hobbies, or seeking support from friends, family, or professionals.

7. Medication: Depending on the severity of hypertension, our healthcare provider may prescribe medications to help lower and control blood pressure. It is important to take the prescribed medications as directed and follow up with our doctor regularly.

Remember, hypertension is a chronic (long-term) condition that requires long-term management. It is important to work closely with our healthcare provider to determine the best treatment plan for the specific situation. Regular monitoring and lifestyle modifications can significantly reduce the risk of complications and improve our overall health.

Composer: Dr. Yeibake, Weriwoyingipre Silver

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