Arthritis is a medical condition that affects the joints in the body. 

The term is a combination of two words "arthro - (pertaining to or related to joints) and "-itis (pertaining to or related to inflammation)" Hence "arthritis" literally means "inflammation of joint"

It is characterized by inflammation,  meaning pain, stiffness, and swelling in one or more joints. 

The risk factors include age, sex(female), weight(obesity), lifestyle(smoking, lack of exercise, activities that put repetitive stress on joints as in some types of sports), family history, and infections.

There are several types of arthritis, but the two most common ones are "osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis."

Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease that occurs when the protective cartilage within the joints starts to break down over time. This can lead to pain, decreased range of motion, and joint stiffness. It commonly affects the hands, knees, hips, and spine(back bone).

Rheumatoid arthritis, on the other hand, is an autoimmune disease where the body's immune system mistakenly attacks the lining of the joints, leading to inflammation and damage. It often affects the hands, wrists, and feet and can cause joint deformity if left untreated.

Arthritis can also be caused by other factors such as infection, injury, or gout. 

While there is no cure for arthritis, treatments can help manage the symptoms and signs and improve quality of life. These may include medications, physical therapy, lifestyle modifications, and in some cases, surgery.

It is important to consult with doctors if one has symptoms or signs such as joint pain and stiffness. They can provide a proper diagnosis, develop a treatment plan, and offer guidance on managing the condition effectively.

Author: Dr. Yeibake, Weriwoyingipre Silver

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