WHAT IS PELVIC INFLAMMATORY DISEASE? | Dr. Yeibake Weriwoyingipre Silver

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a complication of an infection of the female reproductive organs, specifically the uterus (womb), fallopian tubes, and ovaries. It is typically caused by bacteria that enter the reproductive organs through the vagina and cervix (neck of the womb).

PID can result from sexually transmitted infections (STIs) such as gonorrhea or chlamydia. These infections can travel from the vagina and cervix into the upper reproductive organs, causing inflammation and infection.

The symptoms of PID can vary but may include lower abdominal pain, pelvic pain, abnormal vaginal discharge, pain during intercourse, fever, and irregular menstrual bleeding. Some individuals may experience no symptoms at all, which can make PID difficult to diagnose.

Left untreated, PID can lead to serious complications such as fertility problems, chronic (long-term) pelvic pain, and an increased risk of ectopic pregnancy (a pregnancy that occurs outside the uterus). It is important to seek medical attention if  PID or any symptom suggestive of an STI is noticed.

Treatment for PID typically involves antibiotics to clear the infection. It is important to complete the full course of antibiotics as prescribed by a healthcare professional. Sexual partners may also need to be treated to prevent reinfection.

Additionally, to prevent PID, practicing safe sex by using condoms, getting regular STI screenings, and avoiding multiple sexual partners can greatly reduce the risk.

Dr. Yeibake Weriwoyingipre Silver
Senior Registrar, 
Federal Medical Centre, Yenagoa.

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